There are a number of factors that have threatened the giant panda’s population.
Habitat loss and fragmentation due to clear-cutting of forests for agriculture, timber, and fuel wood have destroyed more than 50% of the bamboo forests that make up the giant panda’s home.
Pandas forced to stay in one smaller region face a greater risk of inbreeding, which can lead to reduced resistance to disease, less adaptability to environmental changes, and reproductive problems.
A Panda’s daily menu consists almost entirely of the leaves, stems, and shoots of various bamboo species. This behaviour defines their lives in many ways, since they will often rely on living close to areas where bamboo is abundant. This leaves them vulnerable to any loss of bamboo habitat – a key threat to their survival.
WWF International is working to protect the giant panda and the habitat important to it by working with businesses, farmers, and local governments to incorporate sustainability into their policies and patterns of consumption.
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